Advancement Additive Manufacturing technology at CIMP-3D is accomplished through interdisciplinary research conducted with our sponsors by faculty and staff representing the Applied Research Laboratory, a range of Colleges and Departments across the Pennsylvania State University, and industry-leading Center Associates, such as 3D Systems and DMG Mori.
The scientific and engineering expertise present within CIMP-3D is unparalleled and has been assembled to channel these formidable technical capabilities to provide global leadership in both fundamental and applied additive manufacturing research and development. The technical team within the Center boasts over 100 years of collective experience in laser and electron beam deposition technology along with internationally recognized leaders in enabling technologies critical to the advancement of additive manufacturing. Shown below are members of the CIMP-3D technology team.
Operation of CIMP-3D is conducted through the Center's three Co-Directors; Dr. Ted Reutzel, Dr. Timothy Simpson and Dr. Michael Hickner. The Center functions through research support from federal and state governments, as well as from the private sector. An important aspect of the Center's activities is the operation of the Additive Manufacturing Demonstration Facility (MDF) for the Open Manufacturing initiative of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
CIMP-3D is also an integral component of the educational activities of the University in additive manufacturing. Faculty members of CIMP-3D represent the Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, Materials Science & Engineering, and Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering departments within Penn State. This representation provides the basis for cross-disciplinary education and training of undergraduate and graduate students to additive manufacturing capabilities. Internships and externships through the Center are also utilized to facilitate advanced training of industry and foster workforce development in additive manufacturing technology. The Learning Factory within Penn State's College of Engineering also utilizes the CIMP-3D facility to promote awareness and facilitate technology transfer in additive manufacturing technology through a wide array of industry sponsors that participate in its Senior Capstone Design Program.
Ph.D Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Reutzel has been involved in arc- and laser-based metal processing since 1993, with emphasis on welding and cladding, and more recently with emphasis on metal-based additive manufacturing. He has chaired multiple sessions at the International Congress on Laser and Electro Optics (ICALEO), and served as Chair of the Laser Material Processing for Solar Energy Conference at the SPIE Optics + Photonics event from 2012-2014. He has managed numerous programs to investigate and implement laser material processing across a wide range of applications, has authored and co-authored book chapters, has provided invited articles and invited talks internationally. He recently won the 2014 Best Paper Award at the Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium – An Additive Manufacturing Conference.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Georgia Tech
Dr. Simpson is a Professor of Mechanical & Industrial Engineering at Penn State with affiliate appointments in the School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs and the College of Information Sciences & Technology. He has received numerous research and teaching awards, including the 2011 ASEE Fred Merryfield Design Award and the 2007 Penn State President's Award for Excellence in Academic Integration. He is a Fellow in ASME and an Associate Fellow in AIAA. He is Co-Director of CIMP-3D.
Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, Virginia Tech
Dr. Hickner joined Penn State as an Assistant Professor in 2007. Previously, he was a postdoc and subsequently became a staff member at Sandia National Laboratories. Professor Hickner’s research and teaching interests include all aspects of polymeric materials, polymer micro- and nano-structure, transport characterization, spectroscopy, electrochemistry, and new materials for energy applications.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Bartolai joined ARL in 2019 as an Assistant Research Professor. His research expertise is in Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing of thermoplastic polymers, specifically the polymer welding mechanism by which MEAM parts develop mechanical strength and the effects of toolpath design on part thermal history and strength. Dr. Bartolai’s other research interests and experience include lattice structures, build optimization, in-situ temperature measurement, and mechanical testing.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Dr. Beese is a professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State University. Her research interests are in experimental and computational multiscale mechanics of materials ranging from metals to composites. Her research focuses on developing experimental methods to elucidate the connections among the microstructure, macroscopic deformation, damage accumulation, and failure properties of materials. This experimental data is used to create physically-based large deformation and failure models to predict component performance.
Research Project Manager
Mrs. Belko specializes in initiating and coordinating the management functions of the ARL Laser Processing Division as well as CIMP-3D, including; financial/accounting operations, grant/contract administration, security guidance, human resources management, office information initiatives, and general office administration. She has over 30 years of administrative experience with ARL.
Ph.D. Electrical Engineering, University of Michigan
Dr. Bilén is an Associate Professor of Engineering Design, Electrical Engineering, and Aerospace Engineering and Head of the School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs. He is a member of the EE Department’s Communications and Space Sciences Laboratory and also a member of the Propulsion Engineering Research Center. He serves as the Chief Technologist for the University’s Center for Space Research Programs. He is the founding director of the Certificate in Space Systems Engineering and the Student Space Programs Lab. Prof. Bilén’s research projects are coordinated through his direction of the Systems Design Lab. Dr. Bilén is member of IEEE (Senior Member), AIAA (Associate Fellow), AGU, ASEE, INCOSE, and Sigma Xi.
M.S. Engineering Mechanics, Virginia Tech
Mr. Brown has 15 years of professional engineering experience and his expertise extends from his mechanical and engineering mechanics background to the integration of electrical, optical, and software aspects of laser-based systems. He designed and built a complete multi-kilowatt directed energy deposition system in use CIMP-3D and has led other projects culminating, for example, in a cladding system deployed at Pearl Harbor Naval Shipyard to repair pitting and corrosion damage within Vertical Launch System (VLS) missile tubes on Los Angeles Class submarines.
Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Long-Qing Chen is Donald W. Hamer Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics, and Professor of Mathematics. His areas of interest and research include phase-field methods for describing microstructural evolution, multiscale materials modeling, properties of inhomogeneous materials, and thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations. He is a Fellow of the Materials Research Society (MRS), American Physical Society (APS), American Ceramic Society, and American Society for Metals (ASM) and received the 2003 University Faculty Scholar Medal in Engineering and a Distinguished Professorship in 2012 at Penn State, a Guggenheim Fellowship in 2005, the 2006 ASM Materials Research Silver Medal, the 2011 TMS EMPMD Distinguished Scientist Award, and the 2014 MRS Materials Theory Award.
Ph.D Engineering Science, University of California at Berkley
Dr. Copley holds dual appointments as Senior Scientist at the Applied Research Laboratory and Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics. He has been a technical contributor to the laser materials processing field since the 1970s. Dr Copley is a Fellow of ASM International and ASME. He is a Past President and Trustee of ASM International and currently chairs the Board of Trustees of the ASM Materials Education Foundation.
Ph.D Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Corbin joined Penn State ARL in 2019 as an Assistant Research Professor and has been involved in the prediction and control of part deformation through thermal-mechanical modeling of Directed Energy Deposition and Powder Bed Fusion processes. He additionally has experience in sensor integration, and sensor/data analytics for determining the quality of AM components including applications of process control and machine learning.
MEng. Mechanical Engineering, Rochester Institute of Technology
Mr. Coutts joined Penn State ARL in 2015 as a Research and Development Engineer and is the software architect for the Data Management System for Additive Manufacturing (DMSAM), an automated pedigree data collection tool. He also specializes in laser and CMM inspection and reverse engineering as well as hybrid Additive Manufacturing.
Ph.D, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
Dr. DebRoy is Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Penn State, a Founding Editor of Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, Chair of American Welding Society’s Research and Development Committee and Chair/Co-Chair of the last six Trends in Welding Research Conferences. He models of welding and 3D printing based on theories of metallurgy and heat transfer and fluid flow are widely used in industries, research labs and universities. His research, documented in over 320 papers, has been widely recognized by numerous awards such as a Fulbright Distinguished Chair, UK Royal Academy of Engineering’s Distinguished Visiting Fellowship, IIW’s Yoshiaki Arata Award, Penn State’s Faculty Scholar Medal, AWS and ASM Fellow awards and AWS Honorary Membership award.
Ph.D. Industrial Engineering, Virginia Tech
Dr. De Meter is a Professor of Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering with an affiliate appointment in the Dept. of Mechanical Engineering. His general research interests are in the areas of manufacturing technology development, manufacturing processes, manufacturing error analysis, and computer aided manufacturing. His most recent interest is the science, mechanics, and technology development of secondary machining processes as well as their use for processing additive manufactured parts. He is also interested in the science and technology of adhesive workholding for high precision, manufacturing processes.
B.S. Electro-Mechanical Engineering, Penn State Altoona
Mr. Dickman specializes in laser-based Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) Additive Manufacturing for metals and Material Extrusion of thermoplastics. He brings several years of experience in mechanical design from the aerospace industry which aligns his current interests towards the practical applications such as design for manufacturing and topology optimization.
Ph.D. Materials Engineering, University of Limerick
Dr. Dillon is associate professor of Plastics Engineering Technology at Penn State Erie, The Behrend College. He has over 25 years of experience in industry and university based contract research and development, with an emphasis on technology transition. His research interests are focused on structure-process-property relationships in advanced materials and optimization of process economics through cost structure analysis. Formerly the associate director for research and technology transfer in Behrend’s school of engineering, he has had a career long focus on multidisciplinary research. He has also held research leadership positions at MIT, Northrop Grumman and at Penn State’s Applied Research Laboratory.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Eden joined Penn State ARL in 1990 and is currently the Acting Head of the Material Science Division. His research is focused on developing materials and material processes for a wide range of applications, materials characterization and technology transfer. He is been recognized for his work in Cold Spray technology and is on the board of the DoD’s Cold Spray Action Team. Areas of interest in Cold Spray include process development, powder development, corrosion resistant materials, improved wear resistant materials, self-lubricating coating, structural repair, thermal management, biocompatible materials, additive manufacturing and implementation. He received the 2013 Defense Manufacturing Technology Achievement Award.
Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan
Dr. Frecker is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Biomedical Engineering and is the Associate Department Head for Graduate Programs in Mechanical & Nuclear Engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Frecker’s research interests are in the areas of adaptive structures and design optimization with applications in aerospace and medical devices. Dr. Frecker has been awarded the GM/Freudenstein Young Investigator Award by the ASME Mechanisms Committee (2002), the Outstanding Advising Award by the Penn State Engineering Society (2002), the Outstanding Research Award by the Penn State Engineering Society (2005), and three Best Paper awards from the ASME Adaptive Structures and Material Systems Technical Committee (2009 and 2015). She is a Fellow of the ASME. Dr. Frecker has served as Associate Editor of the ASME Journal of Mechanical Design, Chair of the ASME Adaptive Structures and Material Systems Technical Committee, member of the ASME Mechanisms & Robotics Committee, and Executive Committee member of the ASME Aerospace Division.
M.D., Penn State
Dr. Haluck is Professor of Surgery and Vice Chair for Technology and Innovation for the Department of Surgery at Penn State’s Hershey Medical Center and College of Medicine. Dr. Haluck developed the Laparoscopic Surgery Program at Hershey and his Division now offers Laparoscopic, Bariatric, Robotic, and Flexible Endoscopic Surgery. Dr. Haluck has spent most of his career on medical device development. He designed simulators through a Penn Sate spin-out company that he founded to teach laparoscopic surgery. His simulators have been used to teach many students and physicians throughout the US and abroad. He now heads up the Surgery Innovation Group, which is a multi-discliplinary medical device development group that reaches across campuses at Penn State.
Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, University of Illinois
Dr. Hamilton is a Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics at Penn State. His research supports the departmental strategic research and educational thrusts in advanced materials and manufacturing and in mechanics. His interests are in experimental mechanics and constitutive behavior of multifunctional stimulus-responsive materials. His group uses multi-scale deformation measurements and correlates microstructure to underlying physical mechanisms in order to establish the interrelationships between fabrication technology and functionality. Dr. Hamilton is exploring additive manufacturing for shape memory alloys in order to achieve multifunctional material behavior across multiple length scales.
Ph.D. Management Science, University of Tennessee
Dr. Harrison is the Earl P Strong Executive Education Professor of Business and Professor of Supply Chain and Information Systems in the Smeal College of Business at Penn State. His primary interests are in the area of large-scale production and distribution systems and supply chain design via deterministic and stochastic optimization. He served as the President of INFORMS in 2012 and has been recognized nationally and internationally for his teaching and research contributions.
B.S. Applied Materials Engineering, Penn State
Mr. Jamieson joined ARL in 2019 as a Research and Development Engineer, his focuses is on laser based additive manufacturing (AM). He uses his knowledge and experience to aid in laser based directed energy deposition for repair applications, AM process development, and to evaluate metallurgical properties created through AM processes. Mr. Jamieson also engages in advanced surface finishing techniques to develop processes in orders to finish complex components inherent with metal AM.
B.S. Materials Science & Engineering, Penn State
Mr. Jones focuses on inspection of components, specializing in the development of x-ray Computed Tomography (CT) for the analysis of a wide range of materials. He brings several years of experience in quality assurance and control from the primary steelmaking and hydro power production industries, and holds certifications through the American Society for Non-destructive Testing (ASNT) and the American Welding Society (AWS).
Ph.D. Industrial Engineering, Purdue University
Dr. Joshi is currently Professor of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering at Penn State and has been with the university since 1987. He received Ph.D. in Industrial Engineering from Purdue University in 1987.His research and teaching interests are in the areas of Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) with specific focus on Computer Aided Process Planning, Rapid Prototyping Processes and Tooling, and Nano Manufacturing. He is a Fellow of IIE and recipient of awards, including Presidential Young Investigator Award from NSF 1991, Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award from SME 1991, and Outstanding Young Industrial Engineer Award from IIE in 1993.
Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, University of California - Berkley
Dr. Keist has seven years of industrial experience in metal processing and forming. He received the Sir Humphrey Davy Scientific Merit Award from the Magnesium Division of the American Foundry Society in 2010 and was accepted to the Lawrence Scholar Program with the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory during his Ph.D.
Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Kupp is the Director of the Advanced Materials Processing Laboratory, a teaching and user facility in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, as well as a Research Associate of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Her research interests are in the area of ceramic powder processing, especially for optical, electronic and structural applications. She has worked on developing source powders and paste formulations for ink jet printing and fused deposition modeling additive manufacturing techniques, respectively.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan
Dr. Li is an associate professor in the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering at Penn State, and previously was an assistant professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at University of Hawaii. She was selected as an NSF CAREER awardee in 2016, based on her research proposal titled "CAREER: Surface Interactions in Dissimilar Material Joining." Dr. Li is an associate editor of Journal of Manufacturing Processes, organized the 9th International Workshop on Microfactories (IWMF 2014), and has served as symposium chairs for ASME International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conferences (MSEC) since 2013. Her primary research interest focuses on materials processing and characterization, particularly on novel methodologies for multi-scale material characterization, mechanical behavior, failure analysis, and effect of microstructure on macroscopic properties.
Graduate Assistant/ M.S. Materials Science & Engineering, Penn State
Mr. Lia has spent 5 years on the Optomec LENS MR-7 system and more than 2 years on the ExOne M-Lab system. His responsibilities under CIMP-3D have involved various aspects of materials and process development, with the goal of advancing laser deposition technology to the point that it may be used for manufacturing. His curent focus is on determining the advantages and potential challenges of additive manufacturing advanced materials, such as super alloys, ceramics, and composite materials.
Ph.D. Physical Metallurgy, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH, Sweeden)
Dr. Liu is a professor of Materials Science and Engineering and the Director of the Center for Computational Materials Design at Penn State. His main research interest is computational thermodynamics based on first-principles calculations and CALPHAD modeling. He has been at the Pennsylvania State University since 1999 and the Editor-in-Chief of CALPHAD journal since 2001. Prof. Liu has published over 300 scientific articles including 270 in peer-reviewed journals. Dr. Liu is the co-founder and the director of the National Science Foundation Center for Computational Materials Design.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech
Dr. Lynch is a Shuman Family Early Career Professor in Mechanical Engineering at Penn State University, and the director of the Experimental and Computational Convection Laboratory. His research interests include aerodynamics and convective heat transfer for gas turbine engines and heat exchangers, and advanced technologies made possible for these devices by additive manufacturing. Dr. Lynch received an Office of Naval Research Young Investigator award in 2015, and is an active member of ASME and AIAA.
Ph.D. Industrial and Systems Engineering, North Carolina State University
Dr. Manogharan is an assistant professor of Mechanical Engineering at Penn State University. His research interests in additive and hybrid manufacturing include: design rules for CAD-CAM specific to AM, material development, CNC machining and non-traditional post-processing of AM. His research focuses on developing part designs and process planning for post-processing of AM parts to achieve GD&T and surface finish requirements using contact and non-contact metrology tools. Dr. Manogharan is an active member of ASME, IISE and SME and was named the 2016 Outstanding Young Investigator by the IISE- Manufacturing and Design Division.
Ph.D. Materials Science and Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Meinert manages the facilities at CIMP-3D. He has over 20 years of experience at the Applied Research Laboratory in the development, and application of laser processing technology. He specializes in laser-based processing for a variety of metals alloys, including aluminum, nickel, and copper-based alloys, as well as metal-matrix composites.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech
Dr. Meisel is an Assistant Professor of Engineering Design and Mechanical Engineering in the School of Engineering Design, Technology, and Professional Programs (SEDTAPP) at Penn State. He is the director of the Made by Design Lab, which conducts research in the area of design for additive manufacturing (DfAM) as well as its role in engineering education. Dr. Meisel’s current research centers on high-level, innovative DfAM concepts (e.g., functionally graded multi-material printing, in-situ embedding) and the impact of process parameters on part design and manufacturability. Dr. Meisel was recently appointed to the Penn State College of Engineering’s Emmert H. Bashore Faculty Development Professorship.
Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering, University of Florida
Dr. Messing was Founding Director of the NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center on Particulate Materials in 1991 and became Director of the Materials Research Laboratory in 1997. He was Visiting Professor at the University of Paris, Research Fellow at Curtin University of Technology, Perth, Australia, and visiting faculty at ETH-Zurich. Messing is Distinguished Professor of Ceramic Science and Engineering and was the Head of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. In 2002/3 he was President of the American Ceramic Society. He is currently Editor in Chief of the Journal of Materials Research. Messing has published over 250 papers and co-edited 13 books on solution synthesis, phase transformations, processing-microstructure relations, sintering and templated grain growth.
Ph.D. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Dr. Michaleris has over 25 years of experience in high performance computing and thermo-mechanical process modeling such as additive manufacturing, welding and thermal forming. After receiving his Ph.D., Dr. Michaleris joined Edison Welding Institute (EWI) as senior research engineer. In 1997 he joined the faculty of the Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering of The Pennsylvania State University pursuing teaching and research in computational mechanics, finite element methods, manufacturing process modeling, and residual stress and distortion. In 2012 Dr. Michaleris co-founded Pan Computing LLC for the development and support commercial software for physics-based modeling of additive manufacturing processes, which was acquired by Autodesk in 2016.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Dr Miller joined Penn State ARL in 2016 as an Assistant Research Professor and has been exploring the use of design, decision making, advanced manufacturing, optimization, and deep learning to solve complex problems. His research often explores the connection of AM to provide operational responsiveness using printed unmanned aerial systems and their components, and the role of artificial intelligence to the design process.
M.S. Mechanical Engineering, University of Pittsburgh
Mr. Mitchell joined ARL in 2015 as a Research and Development Engineer after working for seven years in the precision machine design industry. He has knowledge and experience in design, manufacturing, and testing which he utilizes on the laser-based Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) Additive Manufacturing and Directed Energy Deposition (DED) processes.
Ph.D. Materials Science, University of Wisconsin
Dr. Mohney has been on the faculty at Penn State for almost 20 years working with metals for electronics, including on-chip metallization, electronic packaging, and electrical connectors. She is particularly concerned with the processing, electrical resistance, environmental stability, and electromigration resistance of electrical conductors. Applications of this work include automative electronics, solid-state lighting, photovoltaics, electronics for space exploration, and computation. Dr. Mohney is also Editor in Chief of the Journal of Electronic Materials.
Ph.D. in Engineering Science, The Pennsylvania State University
Dr. Nassar currently serves as the acting head of the Process Physics, Analytics, and Engineering Department within the Additive and Laser Manufacturing Division of Penn State ARL. He has been with ARL since 2013 and has severed as principle investor and participated in numerous programs on laser processing, powder bed fusion, and directed energy additive manufacturing (AM). Dr. Nassar has developed software and algorithms related to direct integration of laser processes with computational modeling, implemented data acquisition and control systems on lab-scale and commercial additive manufacturing equipment, discovered defect-detection strategies, and investigated novel strategies for microstructural control, part build-up, and post-processing methods for additively manufactured components. Dr. Nassar also has Graduate Faculty appointments with the Engineering Science and Mechanics Department and the Additive Manufacturing & Design Graduate Program at Penn State. His work has led to over six patent filings along with numerous publications on topics including the digital thread concept for AM, sensing and control of AM processes, post-processing methods for support removal, modeling AM processes, laser-plasma nitriding of titanium, and characterization of plasma via optical emission spectroscopy.
Ph.D. Chemical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin
Dr. Oh is an assistant professor of Chemical Engineering at Penn State University. Her research focuses on design, synthesis, processing and transport, and structural characterization of polymer membranes and composite materials for energy-efficient separations, energy storage and biomedical applications.
Ph.D, The University of Buffalo
Dr. Ibrahim T. Ozbolat is an associate professor at the Pennsylvania State University in the Engineering Science and Mechanics Department and a faculty member of the Huck Institute of the Life Science. Dr. Ozbolat’s main area of research is in 3D Bioprinting and Tissue Engineering. His specific research focuses on development of novel bioprinting science and technology for various areas in regenerative medicine. He has published over 80 publications and his research has been well-recognized globally and featured in various venues. Dr. Ozbolat has been recognized for his research with awards including the International Outstanding Young Researcher in Freeform and Additive Manufacturing Award (2015), Hamed K. Eldin Outstanding Early Career IE in Academia Award (2015), the SME Outstanding Young Manufacturing Engineer Award (2014), an NSF CAREER Award (2014), the ASME Chao and Trigger Young Manufacturing Engineer Award (2014) and the ASME Pi Tau Sigma Gold Medal (2014). He is co-founder of a spin-off company, Virtual Systems Engineering, LLC.
Ph.D Material Science & Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Palmer is currently a Senior Research Associate and an Associate Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the Pennsylvania State University. Previously, he was a metallurgist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. He is the author of more than 70 articles and reports, and his current research focuses on the laser and electron beam joining and additive manufacturing of metallic materials. He is currently chair of the C7 Committee on High Energy Beam Welding and Cutting, vice chair of the of the newly formed D20 committee on additive manufacturing for the American Welding Society (AWS), and a member of the Welding Handbook and Welding Research and Development Committees. He is a member of the editorial board for Science and Technology of Welding and Joining and a key reader for Metallurgical and Materials Transactions as well as a principal review for the Welding Journal Research Supplement.
Ph.D Mechanical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Dr. Prabhu works in the area of distributed control systems with a focus on manufacturing and service enterprises. The goal of his research is to develop a unified mathematical and computational framework that enables engineering of distributed control systems consisting of discrete-events, physical processes, and service processes. The science-base of this work includes theories of discontinuous differential equations, Lyapunov stability, adaptive control, and nonlinear control for studying distributed algorithms. He has researched modeling and real-time control of physical processes such as cryogenic freezing, laser manufacturing, and electron beam-physical vapor deposition.
Ph.D. Solid State Science, Penn State
Dr. Runt is a Professor of Polymer Science in the Materials Science and Engineering Department at Penn State. He is the author of over 190 peer-reviewed publications and book chapters, and is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Institute of Medical and Biological Engineers. His current research focuses on 3 principal areas: 1) Ion and polymer dynamics and nanoscale structure of ‘single ion’ polymer conductors and more conventional ion-containing polymer systems (ionomers); 2) Nanoscale structure and dynamics of polyurethane and polyurea segmented copolymers, the former having chemistries of particular interest in biomedical applications; 3) Investigation of structure and dynamics of complex polymer systems including oriented elastomers and crystalline polymers, and polymer blends and solutions.
Ph.D Electrical Engineering, University of Illinois
Dr. Schiano joined the faculty of Penn State University in 1994, following three years as a visiting assistant professor at the University-of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His research interests in control system applications span three areas: nuclear resonance, neural network controllers, and microelectromechanical systems. Jeff Schiano has also organized a microelectromechanical systems research group in the Department of Electrical Engineering. His focus within the group is on the development of feedback control systems that enable electron tunneling based transducers to provide high sensitivity measurements of linear acceleration and angular velocity.
Ph.D Engineering Science & Mechanics, Penn State
Dr. Segall is Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics at Penn State and has over 30 years of experience testing and modeling advanced materials under severe conditions including thermal-shock, complex laser-machining operations, AM, and wear. He is also very active with Cold-Spray additive methods and the development of unique self-lubricating or micro-porous materials and coatings. Dr. Segall has received numerous awards including the 2013 Outstanding Advising and 2015 Outstanding Teaching awards from the Penn State Engineering Alumni Society. Finally, he is an active member and Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) and the Society for Tribology and Lubrication Engineers (STLE), and currently serves as an Associate Editor of the ASME Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology and STLE Tribology Transactions.
Ph.D. Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, Carnegie Mellon University
Dr. Snyder is the head of the Electronic Materials and Devices Department at Penn State ARL and holds Adjunct Professor positions in the Chemical Engineering and Interdisciplinary Graduate Degree Program in Materials Science. His research interests include chemical vapor deposition of semiconductor materials, lithography, etching and deposition process development for semiconductor device fabrication, thermal management, electronic packaging and additive manufacturing for passive electronic components, circuits and sensors.
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University
Dr. Tarter joined ARL Penn State as a researcher in 2000 and is currently the department head of the Advanced Computational Analysis and Design department. He had 17 years of industry experience in research and development prior to joining Penn State. Dr. Tarter specializes in simulation and modeling and has led a wide variety of projects at ARL related to mechanical system modeling, thermal modeling, fatigue and fracture simulations, micro-mechanical material modeling, high rate Eulerian Lagrangian coupled simulations for blast and ballistic analyses and fluid/structure interaction models for structural and thermal performance predictions. Dr. Tarter has published a wide variety of journal articles and several book chapters related to these simulation methods in both unclassified and classified venues, and typically has program responsibility for $2-3M of ongoing research projects.
Ph.D Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at Austin
Dr. Karen A. Thole is the head of the Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering at Penn State. Dr. Thole’s expertise is heat transfer and cooling of gas turbine airfoils through detailed experimental and computational studies. At Penn State, Dr. Thole founded the Steady Thermal Aero Research Turbine Laboratory (START) lab, which houses a unique test turbine facility and is a center of excellence in heat transfer for a major gas turbine manufacturer. This facility provides a test bed for evaluating additive manufactured components for turbine applications. Dr. Thole has published over 200 archival journal and conference papers supervised over 65 dissertations and theses. She has served as the Chair of the Board of Directors for the American Society of Mechanical Engineers International Gas Turbine Institute and is a member of NASA's National Aeronautics Committee. She has been recognized by the U.S. White House as a Champion of Change for STEM, the Rosemary Schraer Mentoring Award, and the Howard B. Palmer Faculty Mentoring Award. Dr. Thole also received the 2014 Society of Women Engineer’s Distinguished Engineering Educator Award, the 2015 ASME George Westinghouse Gold Medal, and the 2016 Edwin F. Church Medal.
Ph.D. Materials Science, Cambridge University
Dr. Todd is Department Head, P. B. Breneman Chair and Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics. Her research interests include: development of advanced materials and manufacturing processes, laser-sustained plasma, laser-materials interactions, mechanical behavior and nondestructive evaluation of materials. Dr. Todd received the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring in 2007. She is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASM International and the Association of Women in Science.
B.S. Manufacturing Engineering, Pennsylvania College of Technology
Mr. Tokarz joined Penn State ARL in 2008 and brings over a decade of hands on research experience in the design, fabrication, assembly and testing of undersea vehicle systems. His skills include CAD/CAM modeling, instrumentation, data collection and mechanical test preparation. Scott is currently focusing on metallography, optical microscopy, etching, hardness testing and microstructural interpretation of parts made from additive manufacturing processes.
Ph.D. Industrial Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Traband is an Associate Director of Penn State’s Applied Research Laboratory and leads the Material and Manufacturing Office. This office includes the research and development at CIMP-3D, as well as complementary efforts in composite materials, coatings, electronic materials, manufacturing systems, condition-based maintenance, and logistics. Mark holds a Graduate Faculty appointment in the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering. He has 30 years of experience in university based contract research and development..
Ph.D. Metallurgical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Dr. Voigt is a Professor of Industrial Engineering at Penn State and directs Penn State’s metalcasting program. His research focus in the area of structure/property/processing relationships for high strength ferrous materials. He has received numerous research, teaching and advising awards, including the 2013 Barlow Award from the SFSA. He is a Fellow of SME.
Ph.D. Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University
Dr. Wang is a Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Penn State University. Her research interests are in the development of reduced-order models which are needed for real-time control system design and optimization for laser-based additive manufacturing processes. She has also published intensively in randomized algorithms for probabilistic robust control, flight control systems, performance management of computer systems and data center, building thermal comfort modeling and building control, and management of insulin-dependent diabetes.
B.S. Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Mr. West joined Penn State ARL in 2018 as a Research and Development Engineer and focuses on design for laser-based Powder Bed Fusion (PBF) Additive Manufacturing and Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) processes. He also engages in the analysis of material characterization and mechanical properties of PBF components.
Ph.D. Materials, Penn State
Dr. Wolfe is currently a Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics, and the Metals, Ceramic and Coatings Processing Department Head for the Applied Research Laboratory at The Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Wolfe’s research activities include the synthesis, processing, and characterization of nano, multilayered, nanostructured, functionally graded, ceramic, and metallic coatings, materials and systems manufacturing by electron beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD), cold spray, thermal spray technologies, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), cathodic arc physical vapor deposition, sputtering, plating (Ni, Cu, Pt), field assisted sintering technology (FAST), hybrid processes, and various other PVD processes. Dr. Wolfe is also exploring ceramic additive manufacturing for hypersonic applications.
M.S. Materials Science, Caltech
Mr. Welsh has eight years of experience in corporate research and development and an additional eight years of government service with science and technology development as well as acquisition support for US Naval aviation. Prior to joining ARL in 2019, Mr. Welsh served as NAVAIR’s Metallic Additive Manufacturing Lead. He has experience negotiating qualification and certification requirements and has managed multiple projects which have produced airworthy additively manufactured parts.
Ph.D. Aeronautics and Astronautics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Dr. Yamamoto is an assistant professor of Aerospace Engineering at Penn State since 2014. Her expertise emphasizes experimental studies on advanced multi-functional material design for applications in aerospace and other extreme environments and their scalable manufacturing. She currently works on polymer composites reinforced with carbon nanotube, ceramics toughened by hierarchical integration of weak interphases including nano-porosity, and seamless one-piece manufacturing of functionally graded metal superalloys. SME.
Ph.D. Industrial Engineering and Management, Oklahoma State University
Dr. Hui Yang is the Harold and Inge Marcus Career Associate Professor in the Harold and Inge Marcus Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering at The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA. Dr. Yang's research interests focus on sensor-based modeling and analysis of complex manufacturing systems for process monitoring, process control, system diagnostics, condition prognostics, quality improvement, and performance optimization. Dr. Yang is the president (2017-2018) of IISE Data Analytics and Information Systems Society, the Chair (2015-2016) of INFORMS Quality, Statistics and Reliability (QSR) society, and is also an associate editor for IISE Transactions, IEEE Robotics and Automation Letters (RA-L), and Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering (2016, 2017, 2018, 2019).
Ph.D. Mechanical Engineering, Penn State
Dr. Yukish is the head of the Manufacturing Systems Division at ARL and an Assisitant Provessor of Aerospace Engineering. His overarching research focus is on design and decision making, from simple components to complex systems. Research topics pertinent to additive manufacturing include examining the impact of AM on acquisition, sustainment and DOTMLPF (doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities); designing unmanned air vehicles and aerodynamic structures for additive manufacturing; and using AI to design for additive manufacturing. He is also a retired Naval Aviator with over 1800 flight hours and 300 carrier landings.